Our Epidemic

FAST FACTS

  • From 1997 to 2002, prescriptions increased for several drugs: Morphine prescriptions increased by 73 percent. Hydromorphone increased by 96 percent. Fentanyl prescriptions increased by 226 percent. Oxycodone prescriptions increased by 402 percent.
  • In 2003, 5,000 babies were born dependent on opioids because their mothers used the drugs during pregnancy. (Congress passed the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act in 2003)
  • The number of babies born with neonatal abstinence syndrome increased each year from 2003 to 2013. More than 27,000 drug-dependent babies were born in 2013, according to a Reuters report.
  • From 2013 to 2014, heroin overdose deaths increased by 26 percent across the country.
  • Amphastar’s naloxone injection Narcan cost $20.34 in 2009. It cost $39.60 in 2016. Hospira’s naloxone injection cost $62.29 in 2012. It cost $142.29 in 2016. Kaléo’s auto-injecting naloxone device Evzio cost $690 in 2014. It cost $4,500 in 2016.
  • 907 deaths from drug overdoses were recorded in 2016.
  • Opioids were found in more than 80% of all drug deaths in Philadelphia in 2016.
  • Deaths involving Heroin contributed to nearly half of the city’s overdose death.
  • All races saw an increase in opioid-related overdose rates in 2016.
  • Opioid-related overdose deaths rates nearly tripled in women.
  • More than 6,400 emergency department visits were for overdose-related complaints.
  • Overdose-related complaints in emergency departments rose by more than 50% since 2007.
  • 907 deaths from drug overdoses were recorded in Philadelphia in 2016, rising to 953 by September of 2017.
  • In one month, 70 people died of drug overdoses in 2017.
  • 1,020 lives saved by Narcan since 2014. 13 were made in the first 10 days of January, 2018.
  • Fentanyl is becoming major part of the national opioid crisis.
  • Every day, more than 90 Americans die after overdosing on opioids.
  • About 948,000 or 0.3% of the US population age 12 and up used heroin in 2016.
  • The number of overdose deaths related to heroin increased 533% between 2002 and 2016, from an estimated 2,089 in 2002 to 13,219 in 2016.
  • The opioid epidemic has devastated communities and lives across the country, causing more than 250,000 deadly overdoses between 1999 and 2016.

    “We know what works, we’re just not doing enough of it.”

    – Former Surgeon General, Vivik Murthy

References

Abuse, N. I. (2018, January 04). Opioid Overdose Crisis. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-overdose-crisis

Blau, M. (2017, June 30). STAT forecast: Opioids could kill nearly 500,000 in U.S. in next decade. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.statnews.com/2017/06/27/opioid-deaths-forecast/

Elkins, C. (n.d.). The Opioid Epidemic: What Caused the Heroin Epidemic. Retrieved from https://www.drugrehab.com/opioid-epidemic-causes/

Farley, T., MD. (2017, April). 2016 Overdoses from Opioids in Philadelphia. Retrieved January 31, 2018,  from https://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/chart%20v2e7.pdf

(2017, August 15). Fentanyl linked to thousands of urban overdose deaths. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2017/national/fentanyl-overdoses/?utm_term=.88b2d869dfc3

Opioid Crisis Fast Facts. (2017, October 29). Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.cnn.com/2017/09/18/health/opioid-crisis-fast-facts/index.html

Rago, G. (2018, January 05). 'Worst year,' 'terrifying trend': Opioid, heroin deaths in '17 ravage Central Pa. counties. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from https://www.ydr.com/story/news/crime/2018/01/05/worst-year-terrifying-trend-opioid-heroin-deaths-17-ravage-central-pa-counties/1004495001/

Quinn, R. (2018, January 11). Opioid-related deaths continue to rise in Delco as Gov. Wolf declares statewide disaster. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from http://www.mainlinemedianews.com/mainlinesuburbanlife/news/opioid-related-deaths-continue-to-rise-in-delco-as-gov/article_d2cc9920-a418-5b71-ad5b-c3840231a32e.html

Whelan, M. N. (2017, December 28). Philly's overdose epidemic: 70 deaths in 30 days. Retrieved January 31, 2018, from http://www.philly.com/philly/news/opioid-crisis-heroin-overdoses-philadephia.html